Other Methods of Contraception »

… This method of contraception is suitable for many women and it acts mainly by altering the cervical mucus (the mucus at the neck of the womb) making it more resistant to sperm. There is also an effect on ovulation (releasing an egg) in some cycles. There is a new progesterone only pill called Cerazette, which unlike other progesterone only pills does prevent release of an egg. This pill must be taken at the same time every day, however, it can be taken up to 12 hours late and still …

Long Acting Reversible Contraceptive Methods (LARC) »

… into the tissue below your skin. This stops you ovulating (releasing an egg). It also alters the cervical mucus. Almost everybody can have this method of contraception and is has an extremely low failure rate. This method of contraception once in your arm can stay in for 3 years. The insertion of the implant involves a small amount of local anaesthetic in your arm but there are no stitches and you do not require to be put to sleep. The area on the arm is bandaged for 48 hours to reduce …

Cervical Cancer »

cervical cancer is the second most common cancer found in women, the most common being breast cancer.

Signs/ Symptoms

This usually presents with inter-menstral bleeding, post-coital bleeding, or post-menopausal bleeding. If you have any of these symptoms you must be seen and examined by a doctor. There are many other causes of these symptoms but it is best not to ignore them incase there …

Chlamydia »

… the test can also be taken on a fine cotton-tipped swab from the Cervix (neck of the womb). Cervical smear tests, which women have regularly (throughout their Reproductive years) are taken to check for precancerous changes – BUT chlamydia testing is not part of this test.

Can Chlamydia be treated?

The good news is that chlamydia is usually easy to treat with an antibiotic. As with other infections treatment is most effective when the full course of antibiotics is …


… procedure involves taking samples from the cervix and vagina. It is very similar to having a cervical smear.

How is Chlamydia or NSU treated?

Antibiotics usually cure the problem if you are treated early. It is very important to follow instructions carefully and not have sex again until both you and your partner are cured. However, there is still a risk that you will get infected again. Sometimes the clinic will suggest you take antibiotics even if your tests are negative. This is …

Women’s Issues »

… and are more serious and more difficult to treat in women with damaged immune systems.

Cervical pre-cancers are changes to cells in the cervix, which, if left untreated, would become cancerous. Cervical cancer is a preventable condition and when diagnosed early can be cured. In HIV positive women, pre-cancers are much more common than in HIV negative women but do not necessarily develop into cervical cancer. It is possible to detect cellular abnormalities in the cervix by …

Ovarian Cancer »

… action

There is no satisfactory general screening procedure as is routinely available for cervical cancer. However, those women with a family history of the disease might benefit from screening for the gene associated with increased risk. You should bring such a history to the attention of your doctor.

Given that pregnancy, the use of contraception or the use of hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) seems to provide some level of long term protection against the disease, …

Uterine / Endometrial Cancer »

… an early start with menstruation and late age of menopause.

Preventative action

Unlike cervical cancer, there is no regular screening for uterine cancer in all women. Although, an abnormal smear test for cervical cancer may provide some indication of a problem. Given the cancer’s association with increased exposure to oestrogen, the use of oral contraception is felt to be protective against this cancer.

It is also recommended that post-menopausal women who have not had …