… unusual vaginal discharge, a temperature, tummy pain, backache and pain during sex. PID can cause infertility and ectopic pregnancy (where the baby grows inside the fallopian tube). If a baby is born to a mother with chlamydia, the baby may develop eye and lung problems. In men, an untreated infection can spread to the epididymis or testicles, causing pain, swelling and infertility.

How can Chlamydia and NSU be prevented?

The best way to stay free from sexually-transmitted infections …

Going on Holiday? »

… Antibiotics are effective, but if left untreated Chlamydia can lead to pelvic infection and infertility.

Gonorrhoea (bacteria) – affects the urethra, rectum, throat or cervix.  If symptoms occur, they may include abdominal pain, sore throats and discharge.  Gonorrhoea is treated with antibiotics but in women can lead to infertility if left untreated.

Genital Warts – symptoms may include small growths around the genitals that can be treated but can recur. …

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) »

… tube).

It is important to put this risk into perspective. One episode has a low risk of infertility but the risk increases with each recurrent episode of Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). So, it is important that you and your partner are adequately treated to prevent having more episodes of Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).

How do I know I have Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)?

The diagnosis is usually made by a doctor based on your symptoms and a pelvic examination. Swab …

Internal Ejaculation »

… and what action might be possible. Left untreated, retrograde ejaculation can result in infertility.

Lumps, Swelling or Pain »

… or flowing mumps. It is important that your doctor check this out. This condition can cause infertility.


A hernia happens when a small part of the gut slips through the abdominal wall and into the scrotum. Straining when you go to the toilet can cause this. This condition may require an operation to prevent this happening.


A hydrocele is a collection of fluid around the testicle. The swelling that is caused by the fluid may be due to infection or an …