Female Genital Mutilation »

… with sexual, reproductive and general health.

Infections of the urinary tract and pelvis may be recurrent due to the difficulties expelling body fluids. Sexual activity may be limited and difficult even in culturally approved situations due to the extent of mutilation and the scarring which occurs. Mutilation doubles the risk of maternal death during childbirth, and quadruples the chance of the child being stillborn.

The trauma both in the short and long term is highly …