Lumps, Swelling or Pain »

… A hernia happens when a small part of the gut slips through the abdominal wall and into the scrotum. Straining when you go to the toilet can cause this. This condition may require an operation to prevent this happening.


A hydrocele is a collection of fluid around the testicle. The swelling that is caused by the fluid may be due to infection or an injury. It can also happen in older men for reasons we don’t know.


This is a small lump or cyst, which …

Undescended Testicle (Cryptorchidism) »

… affects newborn babies or the very young. At birth, one or both testicles are not yet in the scrotum. This normally resolves within the first month, with the testicle(s) normally dropping down from the groin, but when this doesn’t happen, a small operation may be required.

The longer this condition continues the more of a problem it becomes. If not resolved by the age of 10, the undescended testicle may have to be removed completely.

Injuries »

… straps, strings or “cock rings” are tied or fastened around the penis or both the penis and scrotum together.  Emergency medical help will be required to release the blood and stop further injury.

Urethral damage

Body piercing the urethra or inserting objects into it may result in infection, as this is a sterile area of your body.  There is also damage of objects becoming stuck or moving and causing damage and problems.

Male Self-Examination »

… done regularly – once a month is good. Do this after a warm bath or shower when the skin of the scrotum (ball sack) is relaxed, this makes the examination easier

Hold your balls in the palm of your hand, supporting their weight. Feel the size and weight of each ball – they should be roughly the same. A little difference is common, but any noticeable increase in size or weight could indicate something is wrong.

Feel all around each ball in turn, looking for any unusual lumps or …