Hepatitis A Information »

… virus leading to inflammation of the liver. The infection is usually short lived and while the symptoms can be unpleasant, it is rarely serious.

Hepatitis A key facts

Hepatitis A is a viral infection which leads to inflammation of the liver and can cause mild to severe illness.

The symptoms are generally a flu -like illness, loss of appetite, nausea, fever, abdominal pains or jaundice (a yellowing of the eyes or skin). The infection will clear with time and there are no …

Early Signs and Symptoms of Pregnancy »

Early Signs and Symptoms

A woman who has a regular monthly menstrual cycle will probably suspect she is pregnant if she misses a period. Other common signs may include:

Sickness/feeling nausea which can happen any time of the day

Breast tenderness/enlargement

Needing to go to the toilet more frequently to pee (urinate)

Increased vaginal discharge without any soreness or irritation

Feeling …

NHS Lanarkshire responds to rise in cases of syphilis »

… They may also develop a rash over their body, palms of the hands and soles of the feet. These symptoms may disappear without the person being aware of them.

If syphilis is not treated, it will progress and can cause serious damage to the heart, arteries and the nervous system.

Dr Anne McLellan, Lead Clinician for NHS Lanarkshire’s Sexual Health Service, said: “Although the overall number of cases of syphilis diagnosed by the Sexual Health Service in Lanarkshire remains fairly …

Inflammation »

… underneath will help.

Sexually Transmitted infections ( sti ’s) can also cause these symptoms.  A sexual health screen can be arranged at you local Integrated Sexual Health Clinics (formerly Genito-urinary GUM ).


Is when the urethra is inflamed. This is usually caused by an STI and requires treatment at a Integrated Sexual Health Clinic (formerly Genito-urinary GUM).  Symptoms can be a pus discharge and pain when peeing.

Meatitis is inflammation …

Gonorrhoea »

… show any signs of being infected, so it is possible that they might have gonorrhoea but have no symptoms. The simple answer is to have a test.

What are the symptoms?

Men :

Most men with gonorrhoea in the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body) feel pain when passing urine, and have a green or yellow discharge coming out of the end of the penis.

Women :

Most women have no symptoms with gonorrhoea in the urethra or cervix (neck of the …

Menopause »

… has had her ovaries removed surgically or undergoes radiation or Chemotherapy , menopausal symptoms can be induced.

There are a number of symptoms which may or may not be experienced in the lead up to, and following the menopause. These can include:

Premenstrual tension may be quite severe or there may be none at all.

Onset and duration of the Period can change on each occasion. Periods may be early or late, may last fewer days than before or more.

An inconsistent period …

Cervical Cancer »

… is the second most common cancer found in women, the most common being breast cancer.

Signs/ Symptoms

This usually presents with inter-menstral bleeding, post-coital bleeding, or post-menopausal bleeding. If you have any of these symptoms you must be seen and examined by a doctor. There are many other causes of these symptoms but it is best not to ignore them incase there is something seriously wrong. In more advanced cancer there may be pelvic pain, back pain, pain while passing …

Trauma »

… don’t want to speak to someone you know, you may feel better if you seek help to understand the symptoms you are having and how best to manage them. You can speak to someone confidentially about how the events have affected you. You do not have to explain what has happened – just how you are feeling.


EVA Services, based in NHS Lanarkshire (currently available to women living in Lanarkshire or NHS Lanarkshire staff) – 01236 707 767 (Line open Monday – Friday, 9.00 …

Chlamydia »

… How do I know if I have Chlamydia?

Many people who have chlamydia do not have any symptoms, so it is possible to have this infection and still feel well. The simple answer is to have a test. It is estimated that one in ten young people who are sexually active could have chlamydia.

What are the symptoms?

Men – Approximately 50% of men have no symptoms, but those who do may have:

pain or discomfort when passing urine

Discharge or pus from the end of the …


… (formerly Genito-urinary GUM ) because a microscope is needed to make the diagnosis.

The symptoms are the same as those for chlamydia.

Women may get any of the following symptoms:

An unusual vaginal discharge

Pain or discomfort when passing urine

Lower tummy pain

Pain during sex.

Men may get any of the following symptoms

Pain when passing urine

A discharge or fluid from the end of the penis. This is often clear or whitish but can also be grey or yellow …

Going on Holiday? »

… every country in the world.  The most common STI’s include:

Chlamydia (bacteria) – symptoms include unusual discharge but 70% of women and 50% of men have no symptoms.  Antibiotics are effective, but if left untreated Chlamydia can lead to pelvic infection and infertility.

Gonorrhoea (bacteria) – affects the urethra, rectum, throat or cervix.  If symptoms occur, they may include abdominal pain, sore throats and discharge.  Gonorrhoea is treated with …

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) »

… inflammatory disease (PID) can occur in women who have not had such a procedure.

What are the symptoms of Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)?

Very often symptoms can be so mild they go unnoticed. If symptoms are present, they may include abdominal pain, bleeding between periods, unusual vaginal discharge and discomfort when you are having penetrative vaginal sex.

Your partner may or may not have symptoms of a genital infection. In either case, examination and treatment for …

Syphilis »

… if I have Syphilis?

Syphilis affects the body in stages, but often you may have no symptoms at all.

Primary stage (10 days – 6 weeks) is usually a small, red ulcer/sore which heals itself after 3-6 weeks. This is called a chancre (pronounced ‘shanker’). There may be one or multiple and they may be painful or painless. You might also notice swollen glands in the area near the sores. If syphilis is not treated it will progress to the second stage.

Secondary …

Pubic Lice (crabs) »

… rarely, eyebrows and eyelashes. They are not found on the hair of the head.

What are the symptoms ?

There may be no symptoms or you may feel itchy in the hairy areas. There may be spots of blood on your underwear.

How are pubic lice passed on?

They are passed from person to person by close body contact (or sharing a bed – they can survive off the body for 24 to 48 hours).

How are they diagnosed?

Based on finding lice and/or their eggs. They can be identified under a …

Genital Warts »

… of the body. Don’t panic if you have genital warts – they are very common.

What are the symptoms ?

Often the warts are small and very difficult to see – you may not even know you have them. The warts are small, fleshy lumps. You might see or feel them, or your partner might notice them. They can be flat, smooth, small bumps, or quite large, pink cauliflower-like lumps. They may itch, but they don’t usually hurt.

In women, genital warts can grow on the skin of the vulva, at …

Herpes »

… life. Sometimes, however, it travels back to the surface of your skin and causes another bout of symptoms.

What are the symptoms?

The first time someone is infected with the herpes virus produces the most severe reaction. After an incubation time of up to 10 days, symptoms may begin with a tingling feeling or an itching in the genital area. This may turn to several blisters and then to quite painful sores or ulcers. Passing urine might also be very uncomfortable. These ulcers may scab …

Young Persons Clinics »

… To find the clinic nearest to you please go to: Young Persons Clinics list

If you have any symptoms and are not attending a young person’s clinic where it is noted that a doctor will be present, please call 0300 303 0251 (line open Monday to Friday 9am to 4.45pm) for an appointment.

Information is available on a wide range of health issues that you may wish to ask about.

Confidentiality – The service is confidential, however if you are under 16 years of age and share some …

Bacterial Vaginosis »

… treated?

The most common treatment is a special antibiotic called metronidazole or flagyl. Symptoms usually disappear within a day or two. Partners do not need to be seen or treated. However, if they have any symptoms it could be worth them having a sexual-health check-up.

Will it come back?

Most women just have bacterial vaginosis once. However, some women find that it comes back more often and may need more than one course of tablets

Sexual Health

Bacterial vaginosis is …

Scabies »

… The offspring from these mites crawl out onto the skin and make new burrows.

What are the symptoms of scabies?

The main symptom of scabies is an itch, all over the body but especially at the wrists and between your fingers, often worse at night. This may take four to six weeks to develop.

How do I know if I have scabies?

A doctor usually makes the diagnosis of scabies by examining the skin.

How is scabies treated?

Scabies is easily treated with either a cream or lotion …

Cystitis »

… trousers or nylon underwear create the warm, moist conditions that germs love.

What are the symptoms ? You may feel you really need to pass urine often, but only a small amount comes out. You may also have a burning or stinging feeling when you do go. Sometimes the urine may be cloudy, strong smelling or have blood in it. Other symptoms are aching in the lower back or abdomen, and feeling feverish.

What should I do? There are things you can do at the first signs of an attack …

Thrush »

… more common during pregnancy and in people with diabetes. It is not an STI.

What are the symptoms ?

Thrush might cause itching, soreness and swelling around the vagina, or a thick white discharge. You may also feel discomfort when passing urine or during sex. If a man has sex with a woman with thrush, this may cause some skin irritation on the man’s penis.

Where can I be treated?

If you think you have thrush, or are worried about any infection, you can get treatment from …

What is Hepatitis C? »

… effects on your health.

All of these viruses can cause an acute (short-term) disease, with symptoms lasting several weeks – including yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice), dark urine, extreme fatigue, nausea and vomiting, and possibly abdominal pain. Some of these viruses can also cause long-term ( chronic ) problems.

What is Hepatitis C

This is sometimes known as Hep C or HCV the hepatitis C virus was discovered in 1989. We still have a lot to learn about the virus …

What is Hepatitis B? »

… effects on your health.

All of these viruses can cause an acute (short-term) disease, with symptoms lasting several weeks – including yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice), dark urine, extreme fatigue, nausea and vomiting, and possibly abdominal pain. Some of these viruses can also cause long-term ( chronic ) problems.

What is hepatitis B

This used to be called serum hepatitis and is sometimes called hepatitis B or HBV. Generally, hepatitis B initially makes you sicker …

Excuses/Answers for not using Condoms »

… Answer

It’s nothing to do with that, It’s just that there are some STIs that have no symptoms so you or I might have one and not even know, so I just want to protect you and me.

What to do if you’ve had unprotected sex

If you have had unprotected penetrative sex or you think that your protection has failed, you can use emergency contraception to prevent you becoming pregnant. Emergency contraception is either: the emergency contraceptive pill (also known as the morning …

Heart Disease »

… If you suffer from heart disease at all then it is advisable to become familiar with the symptoms of a heart attack so that you can take the appropriate action should you experience an attack. These symptoms include chest pain/pressure that may extend to the jaw or left arm, with sweating, palpitations and/or difficulty breathing.

Sexual ability depends to a considerable extent on the flow of blood to the male and female genitals . This flow of blood stimulates an erection …

Andropause »

… as well as older men and that this can result in quite major physical and mental reactions.

The symptoms which have been associated with andropause are similar to the effects experienced by some women undergoing Menopause and include fatigue, loss of Libido, sexual difficulties, Depression, irritability, aches and pains, sweating and flushing. Predisposing factors such as a history of Vasectomy or Mumps have been suggested as possibly leading to an early testosterone deficiency. …

Your Prostate »

… the ageing process and may be an inherited condition. Difficulties with Urinating are the main Symptom, but it can be associated with Urinary tract Infections (UTIs) and kidney damage if left untreated. Accurate diagnosis can only be made by medical examination so go to your GP if you notice any problems urinating.


Mild cases should be monitored for change but treatment may be unnecessary unless quality of life is seriously affected. Medical or surgical intervention …

Hypertension »

… have experienced on a regular basis with your doctor as hypertension itself may not present any symptoms.

The Hypertensive Association recommends blood pressure being checked when you are 20 and then every 5 years thereafter if found to be normal. If an abnormal reading is ever detected, they recommend annual checks thereafter. Predisposing factors are indicated by a family history of HBP, stroke or heart disease and diabetes. If HBP develops and is diagnosed, your doctor will advise …

Lumps, Swelling or Pain »

… reasons why men and boys experience lumps, swelling or pain around the testicles. These symptoms should be reported to your doctor who can check why this is happening and make sure more serious conditions are treated early.


The small tubes that attach to the testicles are called the epididymus. Sometimes these become painful or swollen because of an infection, a bump or a blow and this condition is called Epididymitis. In men under 40 years, it is commonly caused …

Prostate Cancer »

… ageing process and may be an inherited condition. Difficulties with Urinating are the main Symptom , but it can be associated with Urinary tract Infections (UTIs) and kidney damage if left untreated. Accurate diagnosis can only be made by medical examination so go to your GP if you notice any problems Urinating.


Mild cases should be monitored for change but treatment may be unnecessary unless quality of life is seriously affected. Medical or surgical …

Anus and Rectum »

… occur naturally from the passage of large or hard stools which can cut and tear the anus. The symptoms are pain and bleeding. This should go away after several hours, but may recur at the next bowel movement. Stool softeners may be used as a temporary measure to allow normal healing.

If the condition is persistent then your doctor may consider surgery to loosen the anal sphincter. This condition can also result from forceful or energetic penetration during anal sex.

Penetration …

Ovarian Cancer »

ovarian cysts are nearly always benign, but rarely they are malignant.

Signs/ Symptoms

There are no detectable early signs of ovarian cancer. The growth has to become quite large before it is detected, by which point the cancer is advanced. Later there may be abdominal pain, swelling or the presence of a hard lump. There may be frequent urination, occasional breathlessness, weight loss, constipation or vomiting. Some of these symptoms can be found as the result of …

Uterine / Endometrial Cancer »

… name given to the lining of the uterus, the endometrium, where the growth occurs.

Signs/ Symptoms

Abnormal bleeding or vaginal discharge, frequent urination or lower abdomen pain may indicate this cancer, but again these symptoms might be due to other, less serious causes.

Contributory factors

Uterine cancer is most frequent among postmenopausal women, and is rare under the age of 35. The use of oestrogen -only hormone replacement therapy (HRT) increases the risk, as …

Vaginal / Vulval Cancer »

Both vaginal and vulval cancer are rare conditions. Any of the symptoms below are far more likely to be caused by something else. Never be afraid to discuss these with your doctor.

Vulval Cancer

Vulval cancer tends to occur in older women but is increasing in younger women. It most commonly causes a chronic itch, but various growths or ulcers of various colours that persist might also be present. These are usually found on the labia majora or …

Prostitution »

… have sex without condoms, or be subjected to sexual violence.  They can experience trauma symptoms in response to their situation.  See Trauma page and Rape and Sexual Assault Page.


If you are currently in this position – for whatever reason – you should try to take care to protect yourself from sexual infections with regular checkups.  This can be done at any NHS Lanarkshire sexual health service.  No-one will judge you and you can speak to a worker about any aspect of …