Gonorrhoea »

… sexual partners, and may have complications yourself. Men may have pain and swelling around the testicles, women may develop pelvic inflammatory disease, and in both cases it may affect your chances of having children in the future. If you have gonorrhoea in the rectum, it could form an abscess that would need an operation to cure.

NHS Health Scotland have produced an information leaflet on Gonorrhoea which can be accessed by going to :  http://www.healthscotland.com/

Chlamydia »

… passing urine

Discharge or pus from the end of the Penis

discomfort or swelling in the testicles

Women - Approximately 70% of women have no symptoms, but some may have:

a vaginal discharge

pain or discomfort when passing urine or during Sex

bleeding between periods or after sex

The symptoms may appear after having sex with a new partner. But remember, if you have no symptoms chlamydia can go undetected for a long time.

Where can I get the test?

Your …


… penis. This is often clear or whitish but can also be grey or yellow

Pain or swelling in the testicles.


Symptoms may develop within a few weeks of getting the infection but many people who have chlamydia or NSU have no symptoms.

What should I do?

If you or your partner are concerned that you may have an infection you should see a doctor. You can go to your own doctor but it may be better to go to a Integrated Sexual Health Clinic (formerly Genito-urinary GUM). There is a …

Young Men »

… having sex, especially if you have a new partner.

They can also show you how to check your testicles (balls) regularly for early warning signs of any problems.  Even if you are not having sex, sexual health services can give you support and information about your sexual health before you become sexually active.

Another option available to you would be to talk to friends, family or clinic staff about any issues concerning you about sexuality.

Your Prostate »

… related symptoms described previously, prostatitis may be accompanied by rectal, Penile, Testicle and low back pain. A fever or chill may also occur.


Acute prostatitis may respond to antibiotics and other medication. If this is not the case and the condition becomes chronic then longer courses of antibiotics/ other medications may be requires. Occasionally the prostate may be removed surgically (prostatectomy). This may lead to erectile dysfunction. This is …

Lumps, Swelling or Pain »

There may be different reasons why men and boys experience lumps, swelling or pain around the testicles. These symptoms should be reported to your doctor who can check why this is happening and make sure more serious conditions are treated early.


The small tubes that attach to the testicles are called the epididymus. Sometimes these become painful or swollen because of an infection, a bump or a blow and this condition is called Epididymitis. In men under 40 years, it …

Testicular Damage (Torsion) »

A bump or blow to the testicles can cause severe pain and feelings of nausea and may even cause someone to be sick. These feelings should pass quickly and it is best to lie down and try to relax until it passes. If the pain continues or you notice any swelling, you should get this checked out by the doctor. In some cases, the blow can result in fluid building up around the testicle ( hydrocele ), or the testicle

Undescended Testicle (Cryptorchidism) »

This condition affects newborn babies or the very young. At birth, one or both testicles are not yet in the scrotum. This normally resolves within the first month, with the testicle(s) normally dropping down from the groin, but when this doesn’t happen, a small operation may be required.

The longer this condition continues the more of a problem it becomes. If not resolved by the age of 10, the undescended testicle may have to be removed completely.

Testicular Cancer »

… testicular cancer later in life.  All men should undertake regular self-examination of the testicles, but this especially applies to those men who have a family history of testicular cancer or who have experienced conditions such as undescended testicle, mumps orchitis or hydrocele.

Self examination is best undertaken regularly – perhaps on the first day of the month, to establish a routine. Some men find examination of their testicles easier than others because some are …