Early Signs and Symptoms of Pregnancy »

… tenderness/enlargement

Needing to go to the toilet more frequently to pee (urinate)

Increased vaginal discharge without any soreness or irritation

Feeling unusually tired

A strange taste in your mouth which some describe as metallic

When should I test?

You can carry out a pregnancy test from the first day after a missed period.

Pregnancy tests work by detecting a pregnancy hormone called: Hormone Chorionic Gonadotrophin (HCG) in your urine.  You can do a test any time …

NHS Lanarkshire responds to rise in cases of syphilis »

… order to be assessed and tested.

Syphilis is a bacterial infection that can be transmitted by vaginal, anal and oral sex.

People with syphilis may develop a sore in the genital area or in their mouth. They may also develop a rash over their body, palms of the hands and soles of the feet. These symptoms may disappear without the person being aware of them.

If syphilis is not treated, it will progress and can cause serious damage to the heart, arteries and the nervous …

Safer Sex »

… young peoples clinics you just drop in.

First of all, if you have had unprotected Penetrative Vaginal sex or your method of contraception has failed you can get emergency contraception (the sooner you access it, the better). There are two methods you can use to prevent getting pregnant. The sooner you take action the more effective these methods will be.

You may be too late to access emergency contraception. This means there is a possibility that you may become pregnant. This can be a …

Gonorrhoea »

… no symptoms with gonorrhoea in the urethra or cervix (neck of the womb); but some may notice a vaginal discharge, or discomfort when passing urine.

Men and Women

Gonorrhoea in the rectum ( anal passage) often shows no signs; but can cause constipation, pain around the anus, blood or discharge with bowel movements.

There are usually no signs of gonorrhoea in the throat.

Where can I get the test?

If you or your partner are concerned that you may have an infection you should see …

Menopause »

… activity.

With the reduction in the oestrogen being produced, thinning of the tissues of the Vaginal wall may result, as well as decreased lubrication. Vaginal dryness may be accompanied by irritation and itching. Pain may be experienced during Intercourse as a result of these changes – known as dyspareunia.

Vaginal changes and changes to Urethral tissue can result in increased frequency of Urinary tract Infections , painful or frequent Urination (dysuria) and …

Stroke »

… again become familiar and more confident in other sexual practices.

It is possible to have Vaginal Intercourse even when catheterised. It requires some manipulation of the Catheter and the use of lubrication and a condom to lessen tugging on the tube.

You may have to adjust from previous, familiar, sexual positions to take into account any degree of physical impairment. Consider using pillows for support or even handles attached to wall/bed frame for additional support or …

C Card Scheme »

… a C Card centre.

Here are the choices:

EXT = Extra

Can be used for anal or vaginal sex . Supplied with lubricant.

FLA = Flavoured

Can be used for oral sex. To use on a female, carefully cut a new condom into a square.

SEN = Sensitive

A thin, extra-fine condom.

NAT = Natural

For vaginal, anal or oral sex.

LAT = Latex-free

For people with an allergy to latex or rubber.

FEM = Femidom

These go inside a woman’s …

Chlamydia »

Where does Chlamydia come from?

It can be easily passed on through Vaginal , Anal and, perhaps, Oral sex . There is no evidence to show that it can be passed on from toilet seats, sharing towels or cups. An infected mother can pass it on to her baby’s eyes and lungs at birth. It can also be spread from Genitals to eyes with your fingers. Using a condom will greatly reduce your chances of becoming infected with chlamydia.

What is …


… the same as those for chlamydia.

Women may get any of the following symptoms:

An unusual vaginal discharge

Pain or discomfort when passing urine

Lower tummy pain

Pain during sex.

Men may get any of the following symptoms

Pain when passing urine

A discharge or fluid from the end of the penis. This is often clear or whitish but can also be grey or yellow

Pain or swelling in the testicles.


Symptoms may develop within a few weeks of getting the infection …

Black & Minority Ethnic sites »

… the following links.

Chlamydia – http://www.healthscotland.com/documents/5768.aspx

Vaginal health – http://www.healthscotland.com/documents/3419.aspx

Genital herpes – http://www.healthscotland.com/documents/3421.aspx

Gonorrhoea – http://www.healthscotland.com/documents/3423.aspx

Genital warts – http://www.healthscotland.com/documents/3422.aspx

The Sandyford

Glasgow’s sexual and reproductive health service which has a number of sexual …

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) »

… If symptoms are present, they may include abdominal pain, bleeding between periods, unusual vaginal discharge and discomfort when you are having penetrative vaginal sex.

Your partner may or may not have symptoms of a genital infection. In either case, examination and treatment for both of you is recommended to reduce the risk of Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) coming back.

Is there a risk of fertility problems after Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)?

Pelvic inflammatory …

Syphilis »

… not be apparent for years.

How is Syphilis passed on?

Syphilis can be easily spread through vaginal, anal and oral sex.  Even if you have had the infection before, you can catch it again. Syphilis may also be passed on through deep kissing if the infected partner has an ulcer (chancre) in their mouth.

Syphilis can be passed on from a pregnant mother to her baby at any stage of the pregnancy . If syphilis is found during pregnancy it can be treated to prevent the …

Genital Warts »

… having a warm salty bath can sometimes help. You should not use scented soap, bath oils or foams, vaginal deodorants, disinfectants or any cream or moisturisers, as they might sting. You should wear cotton underwear to keep you cool.

Will the warts come back?

Warts usually start to go after just a few treatments. Sometimes they can take several months to go completely. However it is important to remember that the treatments are for cosmetic reasons only and they do not clear your body …

What’s that smell? »

… body.

These chemicals are contained in the natural substances the body releases, like sweat, Vaginal fluid or Semen . Thus most smells are not associated with any Infections .

If someone’s personal hygiene is not taken care of, then these substances build up, and the smells get stronger. Washing daily, and giving particular care to areas where substances could build up (for example under the foreskin of an uncircumcised man or boy, or the Vaginal area of a woman or girl) …

Painful Sex »

… level can occur in relation to sexual activity:

Lack of arousal – resulting in lack of vaginal lubrication i.e. dryness and engorgement of the genitalia.

Skin conditions - including thinning of the skin after the menopause.

Endometriosis – this usually causes pain deep inside the vagina.

  Infections – sexually transmitted infections ( STIs ) or non-sexually transmitted genital infections e.g. thrush.

 Vaginismus -this is when the muscles …

Difficulty with Penetration (Vaginismus) »

… sexual assault or sexual abuse.   A difficult childbirth or surgery may cause a link with vaginal pain. The attitudes towards sex are also well known to be important.

If you consider sex to be e.g. “wicked” or “dirty” you might find yourself involuntarily resisting it even in what might be socially acceptable circumstances such as marriage. This is thought to be one of the main reasons for unconsummated marriage.

Don’t put up with this condition as psycho-sexual …

Bacterial Vaginosis »

… massaging, masturbating and body rubbing? All of these are safe and fun.

If you are having vaginal or anal sex, condoms can help make it safer and more fun. Condoms have really changed. You can get them in all different colours, shapes and flavours.

Sex toys are safe as long as you don’t share them. If you do share them, you can reduce the risk of infection by using a condom over the sex toy. But you must change the condom or wash the toy with hot soapy water each time you …

Cystitis »

… body and this can cause cystitis. Also some women have a reaction to things like scented soaps or vaginal deodorants. ‘Holding on too long’ before passing urine keeps germs in the bladder, and tight trousers or nylon underwear create the warm, moist conditions that germs love.

What are the symptoms ? You may feel you really need to pass urine often, but only a small amount comes out. You may also have a burning or stinging feeling when you do go. Sometimes the urine may be cloudy, …

Thrush »

… is the case, you can ask your doctor for treatment for thrush at the same time.

Avoid using vaginal deodorants, perfumed soaps, douches and disinfectants.

If you think you are experiencing recurrent thrush, it is worthwhile making an appointment on 0300 303 0251 (Line open Monday to Friday 9.00 a.m. to 4.45 p.m.) with the Integrated Sexual Health Clinic (formerly Genito-urinary GUM) to discuss this with the doctor.

Does my partner need to be treated?

Having sex does not pass …

Prevention »

… want to protect yourself from this then you could use a condom without any lubricant on it, or a vaginal barrier such as a dental dam. Hepatitis B can be contracted if you swallow faeces (poo) from someone with the virus. Therefore, if you rim someone (lick around their anus) or lick a finger that has been inside their rectum, then there is a chance you could contract hepatitis B.

Sex toys, such as dildos or vibrators, could also transmit hepatitis B if they are then inserted into …

Sex and Ageing »

… painful. This can be easily resolved by the use of a lubricant. Following the menopause, with vaginal shrinkage, women may even find sex more intense or pleasurable. The lack of anxiety about becoming pregnant may even contribute towards sexual enjoyment.

A few other things can be taken into consideration to improve your sex life in later years.Routine can lead to boredom, which in turn can lead to a lack of arousal. Experimenting may intensify stimulation, and this can be as …

Anus and Rectum »

… for the pleasure to be derived from the stimulation, as part of sexual experimentation, or where vaginal penetrative sex is unsatisfactory to either partner. It has even been used as an alternative to vaginal sex to prevent conception.

The anus may be stimulated or penetrated by fingers, penis, tongue, sex toy or other means. However, since the anus was not constructed for penetration, but for excretion, this has to be helped by lubrication or damage to the wall or lining may …

Uterine / Endometrial Cancer »

… uterus, the endometrium, where the growth occurs.

Signs/ Symptoms

Abnormal bleeding or vaginal discharge, frequent urination or lower abdomen pain may indicate this cancer, but again these symptoms might be due to other, less serious causes.

Contributory factors

Uterine cancer is most frequent among postmenopausal women, and is rare under the age of 35. The use of oestrogen -only hormone replacement therapy (HRT) increases the risk, as does an early start with …

Vaginal / Vulval Cancer »

Both vaginal and vulval cancer are rare conditions. Any of the symptoms below are far more likely to be caused by something else. Never be afraid to discuss these with your doctor.

Vulval Cancer

Vulval cancer tends to occur in older women but is increasing in younger women. It most commonly causes a chronic itch, but various growths or ulcers of various colours that persist might also be …

Rape and Sexual Assault »

… broadens the definition of rape to include anal and oral rape of women and men, as well as vaginal rape.  Rape is defined as penetration of someone’s vagina, anus or mouth (to however small an extent) by a penis without consent or reasonable belief in consent.  The Act defines consent as free agreement and makes it clear than consent can be withdrawn at any time.  The Act also sets out an offence of sexual assault by penetration, which covers for example, penetration by …